Bell’s Palsy

Bell’s palsy, also called acute peripheral facial palsy, causes facial muscle weakness on one side due to nerve inflammation, possibly triggered by viral infections.

While the exact cause remains unknown, swelling of the facial nerve is believed to be a contributing factor.

Symptoms include drooping of facial muscles, affecting expressions like smiling and eye closure. Although usually temporary, Bell’s palsy can have a significant impact.

Causes & Risks

Some of the causes of Bell’s palsy include the following:

  • Viruses: Herpes simplex, herpes zoster, Epstein-Barr, CMV, adenovirus, rubella, mumps, influenza B, and coxsackievirus have all been linked to Bell’s palsy.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth: Bell’s palsy is more common in those who are pregnant, particularly in the third trimester, or who have recently given birth.
  • Upper respiratory infections: Bell’s palsy is more likely to develop in those who have upper respiratory infections, such as the flu or a cold.
  • Diabetes: Bell’s palsy is more likely to occur in those who have the disease.
  • High blood pressure: Bell’s palsy is more likely to occur in those who have high blood pressure.
  • Obesity: Bell’s palsy is more likely to occur in fat people.

Test & Diagnosis

• Bell’s palsy causes weakness or paralysis in facial muscles on one side.

• Diagnosis involves a clinical examination by a doctor assessing facial movements and muscle function.

• Similar symptoms can arise from conditions like infections, Lyme disease, tumors, inflammation, or stroke.

• Additional tests like imaging scans, EMG, and blood tests may be necessary for accurate diagnosis.

• Collaboration with your doctor is vital to develop a tailored management plan.

• Your doctor is committed to providing support and guiding you to alleviate symptoms and enhance your quality of life.

Check it out to know more about Bell’s palsy

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